Category Archives: Quran

No Valentine’s Day !

Assalamu Alykum All,

 


My Love is not bounded only to My Wife. It starts from Allah and ends on Allah alone.

I love each and everything on this earth for the sake of Allah Alone..

 

 

My Love is First and foremost for Allah [Subahana Wa Ta’ala]..

Then,

My Love is for the Most Admirable and Most beloved man on the earth..Prophet Muhammad [Sallallahu Alyhi Wasallam]..

Then,

My Love is for the Most Caring person amongst the Humans after Allah and Prophet..My Mother !

Then,

My Love is for the person who taught me everythng required for the survival in this earth and prepared me for Aakhirah..My Father !

Then,

My Love is for those Wonderful and Blessed pearls of Islam..All Prophets of this world, Sahabas, and Shuhadaas[Martyrs].

Then,

My Love is for My Muttaqeen, Wise, Beautiful, Marvellous and Wonderful [By Allah’s grace] Wife !

Then,

My Love is for My Swalih, Adorable, Loving, and Bright Children [Insha Allah].

Then,

My Love is for My Blood relatives.

Then,

My Love is for My Stupid but adorable Friends. 😛

Then,

My Love is for all those beautiful hearts which pleased Allah to grant them Jannah..

By,

o°o AnnoNyiMouse o°o

[Disclaimer : No Hard Feelings please. If anyone is not interested, mail me politely; I would remove their ID so he/she may not be interrupted further.]

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| To Accept the Defeat is the thoughest Victory; conquered with rarest Wisdom ! |

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[ Learn | Implement | Spread ]


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Who was Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)?

 Know Islam And Muslim

 

 

 

Who was Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)?

'Muhammad' in ArabicThe orphan

Muhammad was born in 570 in Mecca, modern day Saudi Arabia, to a single mother whose husband died before she gave birth. Muhammad was of noble blood, and it was the custom for those children of higher social standing to have a wet nurse. A Bedouin woman named Halima cared for him, and took him into the harsh desert to live with her people. For such a young child it was a challenging environment. But it was here that Muhammad would develop his first close connection with nature, and spend most of his time in solitude contemplating the world around him.

He returned to his mother, Amina, who took him to visit his father’s grave, but on the return journey she fell dangerously ill. Muhammad was barely six years old when he faced the loss of another parent. Later his own experience would help him to encourage compassion for orphans, telling his companions that kindness shown to parentless children would grant them Paradise.

The shepherd and the businessman

Muhammad went to live with his grandfather Abdul Muttalib, and spent two happy years with him, until he died when Muhammad was eight years old. Again he had to face emotional and physical upheaval, moving to live with his uncle Abu Talib. As a young boy, Muhammad earned his living as a shepherd, a role he was later to speak about with fondness: “All the prophets of God were shepherds”. Later he would become renowned for his honest dealing with people in business and trade.

The husband

A wealthy businesswoman named Khadijah requested Muhammad’s expertise in negotiating a business venture for her. When she heard of how he secured more than she expected, she was impressed and made enquiries about his character. On hearing the accounts of his generous and noble nature, she sent a proposal to the 25 year old man. Khadijah was a widow some fifteen years older than Muhammad, and had children from two previous marriages; she was intelligent, independent and kind. Muhammad accepted her offer. Khadijah and Muhammad’s marriage was a happy and harmonious one: they consulted, supported and cared for each other in equal measure. She was his first love, the first he turned to for support, and the first to acknowledge his prophethood. They had four daughters together who they cherished, and two sons, but they tragically both died in infancy.

The Revelation

Muhammad had always treated those around him with honour, kindness and respect. Yet he was troubled. Troubled by the injustices he saw around him of backward tribal practices – of female infanticide, of oppression of the vulnerable and of inequality. He had distanced himself from ignorance, superstition and the practice of idol worship. He often retreated to a cave on the mountain of Hira to reflect, wondering what he could do to change such deep-rooted customs.

The cave on Mount HiraIt was now 610, Muhammad was only aged forty but at a point in his life where he had already faced great sorrows: losing both his parents at an early age, his grandfather and two young sons. One night, when he again went to the secluded cave to be alone with his thoughts, he encountered an experience that would dramatically change his life, his society and the wider world.

 “Read!” a voice called out him. It was the angel Gabriel. Muhammad was frightened but responded he could not read – he was indeed illiterate. Again Gabriel commanded him to read, and a third time said “Read! In the name of your Sustainer. He who taught man by the pen that which he did not know.” Following this divine visitation, Muhammad went immediately to the only person he could relate what had happened and find solace in,  his wife. Shaking, and fearing he had been possessed, Khadijah wrapped him in a covering and comforted him. This was the first of many revelations that would come to him over a period of twenty three years.

The Message

Door of the Prophet's MosqueGod had chosen Muhammad as his final messenger, the last in a line of many prophets before him, like Abraham, Moses, Joseph, and Jesus. All had brought the message of worshipping One God, of enjoining good and forbidding bad. But this message had become corrupted by men, and the moment had come once more to bring people back towards the truth. The Quran emphasised the belief in the Oneness of God, related the creation of the heavens and the earth, stories of past prophets, the equality and sanctity of humanity, and the etiquettes of human behaviour.

Trials

Muhammad had a great task ahead of him. In preaching God’s word, he would come face to face with rejection, abuse, humiliation and even banishment from his own people. He had to overturn his society’s backward practices, instructing them to embrace a set of universal principles that would unite all the tribes, provide a benchmark for justice, would eradicate racism, encourage them in acts of charity, protect those the vulnerable, abolish the rigid class system, raise the status of women to an honoured position, and bring everyone back to the belief in one God.

But the leading tribe of the Meccans, the Quraysh, were staunch in their opposition. Muhammad had a small group of companions who believed in his message, and these supporters would be targeted by the Quraysh who embarked on a campaign of torture. The first to die for Islam was a woman named Sumayyah, who after enduring the cruelty inflicted on her, was finally stabbed to death. She is a woman held in high esteem by Muslims for her steadfastness and strength of character, and one of the few guaranteed Paradise.

Refuge

It was now 615 and the situation for the Muslims had not improved. Muhammad heard of a just and compassionate ruler in Abyssinia, a Christian king who might offer refuge for the Muslims and sent 100 Muslim men and women to be placed under the king’s protection. Muhammad did not hesitate to turn to those of other faiths for their protection, he trusted and worked with others who had moral standing and dealt with justice no matter what their faith or background. His own uncle, Abu Talib, who he loved and respected greatly was not a Muslim, but he offered invaluable support to his nephew.

The Prophet's Mosque, Medina

Exile

The Quraysh, unable to break this small but growing band of Muslims, who were growing in number by the day, resorted to banishing them, forbidding any tribes to help them. Tribes depended on each other for sustenance, trade and protection in the harsh desert environment, so this embargo would mean starvation, deprivation and vulnerability. The embargo went on for three years, during which Muhammad and his companions retreated to the valleys surrounding Mecca to live a very difficult life. The ban was finally lifted, but it had taken its toll on the Prophet’s beloved wife, Khadijah. She died soon afterwards in a year known as The Year of Sorrow.

Muhammad’s grief was deep. He had lost his strongest supporter and confidante, the mother of his children. The same year, his uncle, who had been his protector, died in 620. Yet his mission was far from over, and he had the duty to continue his message and to protect those who had gathered around him. He thought of moving the Muslims far away from the relentless oppression of the Quraysh.

Night Journey

Every prophet has his miracle, and it is said that the Quran was Muhammad’s miracle. Yet the Night Journey joins the many miraculous stories about prophets before him – of Jesus’ birth, of Jonah and the Whale, of Moses’ parting of the Red Sea.

Two years after the death of Khadijah, one evening Muhammad fell asleep by the Kabah and was awoken by the angel Gabriel who showed him a white, winged horse. They both mounted and began the journey to Jerusalem where he met a group of prophets; amongst them were Abraham and Moses. Muhammad led them in prayer at the Temple Mount. Then Muhammad again mounted the winged creature with Gabriel and went on a journey that transcended time and space through the seven heavens. It was at the highest level that he received instructions for the five daily prayers.

Muhammad had been was profoundly affected by this spiritual and physical journey, seeing the wonders of the heavens, and meeting the brotherhood of prophets. Yet it was also a trial – when Muhammad recounted his experience, it left him open to more insults and jeers. Yet the lesson remained that true faith meant belief in the unseen and in the miracles of God.

Marriages

It was the norm in Arabia for men to take many wives, but Muhammad remained monogamous to his first wife Khadijah throughout their marriage. A year after her death, he was encouraged to marry again. His subsequent marriages were formed for various reasons: to form alliances with other tribes in order to secure the for survival of the Muslim community, to protect those who were threatened because of their faith, and to cement friendships. Many of his wives were widows with children, or divorcees. Aishah was the daughter of his closest friend Abu Bakr. Her marriage to Muhammad was arranged when she was very young, but their marriage was not consummated until she entered puberty. Aishah had an incredible intellect, and she became a respected scholar and was skilled in medical knowledge. She spoke of Muhammad’s kindness and generosity to all his wives, a quality that he insisted upon from every husband to their spouse. 

Migration

The number of Muslims was growing, and along with it grew the need to live free of tyranny. Many people had embraced Islam in the city of Medina, some 200 miles from Mecca. Muhammad decided his companions should relocate to where they would enjoy the freedom of religious expression and the confidence of a being a real community. Agreements were made with the Jews of Medina, and all lived in protection, liberty and coexistence.

Conflict

The move was a blow to the pride of the Quraysh who still tormented the few Muslims who remained in Mecca. In addition to their persecution, they confiscated all their property and belongings to show Muhammad that he had not won. Incensed by news of this, Muhammad organised expeditions on Meccan caravans in order to take compensation. He also sent missions to find out information of the Quraysh’s plots – he knew that an attack was likely. Yet one mission resulted in the death of a Quraysh leader despite Muhammad’s clear instruction that no conflict was to take place. A clash was imminent.
For the past thirteen years until this point, the Muslims were instructed in passive resistance, but a revelation now gave permission to fight those who oppressed them and had driven them from their homes.

Muhammad had set off with over three hundred Muslims to intercept a caravan in order to take more goods in compensation, but the Quraysh found out about his plans and sent a thousand-strong army. The Muslims were not prepared for war, but they were determined to face their enemies. They won an incredible victory in what came to be known as the Battle of Badr.

The conflict was not at an end however, and more wars took place between the Quraysh, their allies and the Muslims, the latter suffering many losses. Muhammad now had military and political power, sending a strong message that he and his people would not be trampled upon any further. As his influence increased, so too did attempts to assassinate him. 

Conquest

After years of hostility, power shifted towards Muhammad and the Muslims, and a treaty was finally agreed between the Quraysh and Muhammad, but this was violated by the former and Muhammad marched on Mecca in 630. But he took Mecca without bloodshed, peaceably and with dignity. Muhammad was in a position of power to seek revenge on those who had tortured and persecuted the Muslims, but he did not abuse his power, choosing instead to conquer Mecca with profound humility. His great mercy and compassion deeply impressed the tribes of Mecca, and a great number embraced Islam.

The Farewell Pilgrimage

Muhammad, accompanied by one hundred thousand of his companions, performed the final pilgrimage of his life to the Kabah in Mecca. Standing on what is known as the Mount of Mercy, he delivered his last speech with messages that would resound through time. He spoke of the equality of humankind, of women’s rights, of fraternity, of doing good, of never oppressing anyone, of human rights and justice.

The dome above the Prophet's grave in Medina, Saudi ArabiaFinal breath

Soon after the farewell sermon, Muhammad fell very ill with a fever which weakened him greatly. Though frail, he led his last prayer in the mosque in Medina, and repeated again and again that the poor and the vulnerable must be treated well. His final moments were with his wife Aishah. He rested his head in her lap while she stroked his head. Suddenly she felt his head become heavier. He had breathed his last breath.
He died in 632 aged sixty three.

Legacy

Muhammad caused a revolution in the space of twenty three years, shaping the course of history the effects of which we still see today. His commitment to the enduring values of justice, freedom, fraternity, charity and equality carried a universal message. What began as a small band of followers in seventh century Arabia has now grown to a global community of 1.5 billion, a fifth of the world’s population.

Muslims everywhere model their own lives on his behaviour, from prayer to politics, personal hygiene to community involvement. This one man continues to inspire millions of lives fourteen centuries after he lived.

What is Islam?

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 What is Islam? 

What is Allah?

Allah is the name for God in Arabic. Allah is also known by his attributes, like The Compassionate, the Merciful, the Loving. Although we use the English pronoun ‘He’ to refer to God, in Islam and in the Arabic language, Allah is a neutral term.

How did Islam originate?

In seventh century Arabia, when society was gripped by idolatry, the divide between rich and poor was growing, and the Arab tribal system was thriving, Muhammad received a revelation that would transform society both within the Arabian peninsula and significantly in other parts of the world. Christianity and Judaism also originated in the Middle East, and the Prophet made clear that far from bringing a new message, he was in fact calling people back to the one true God and to the way of life people had left. The revelations he received corrected distortions that had crept into earlier revelation and called all to return to the ‘Straight Path’ of Islam.

What are the five pillars of Islam?

Belief in one God, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, and Pilgrimage. These form the foundation of faith for every Muslim.

  1. The basic declaration of belief, or Shahada is, “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger.” Declaring this is all that is required of a person who wishes to embrace Islam. 
  2. Prayer, or Salah is the performing of the five daily prayers, at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sundown, and nightfall.
  3. Alms, or Zakah, is obligatory on every Muslim as a tax to benefit the poor and needy. Every adult Muslim must contribute a 2.5% of his or her wealth (not income) each year. 
  4. Fasting, or Sawm which takes place in the month of Ramadan, involves self discipline and humility through abstention from food, drink and sex from dawn to sunset. It encourages a sense of empathy with those who go hungry around the world and to give charity. It is a time to focus on spiritual nourishment and refinement of character. It ends with the celebration of Eid-ul Fitr.
  5. Pilgrimage, or Hajj, is to be performed once in a Muslim’s lifetime to the first House of God, the Kabah in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Pilgrims dress simply in white garments to symbolise the equality of humankind. At least two million Muslims go to perform Hajj in the final month of the Islamic calendar each year. The end of Hajj is marked by the second of two major Muslim festivals, Eid-ul Adha.

What is the Quran?

The Quran, Arabic for ‘recitation’ or ‘reading’, is the scripture of Muslims. They believe that the word of God was revealed through the Angel Gabriel over a period of twenty three years to Muhammad, who died illiterate. He neither authored nor edited the Quran, Muslims believe it is the eternal, literal word of God, preserved and collated in a divinely commanded order.
The Quran was written down during the Prophet’s lifetime in the seventh century by twenty nine scribes who would record the revelations on palm rasps and animal skin. Many of the Prophet’s companions would memorise the entire Quran with the Prophet.The 114 chapters of the Quran speak of the majesty of God, His creation of mankind and life, of the Life Hereafter and the stories of Prophets. The Quran calls for social and religious reform, and places great emphasis on social justice – the rights of women, orphans, the equality of humankind, and moral and ethical principles to govern all aspects of life. 

What are Hadith?

Hadiths are a collection of sayings and actions by the Prophet Muhammad, which were well documented verbal reports by his companions. There are thousands of hadiths from which have been derived the Sunnah, or the Prophet’s way of life. They cover all aspects of living: how to be a good neighbour, how to refrain from slander, how to mourn and even how to maintain personal hygiene. Muslims seek to emulate the Prophetic example in their daily lives as much as possible.

What is the Kabah?

The Ka'ba, MeccaThis building is the most sacred space in the Muslim world. It sits in Mecca, Saudi Arabia and is considered the first house built for the worship of the one God. First built by Adam, the first man and prophet, it was destroyed by floods, but later rebuilt by Abraham and his son Ishmael. By the time of the Prophet Muhammad, it has fallen under pagan Arab rule and used as a shrine for their 360 idols. Muhammad restored the Kabah to its original worship of one God.

How is Islam similar to Christianity and Judaism?

Islam, Christianity and Judaism are all monotheistic faiths worshipping one God. All share common beliefs in prophets and divine revelation. All stress moral rights and responsibilities, and accountability on the Day of Judgment leading to reward or punishment in the afterlife. Each faith emphasises its covenant with God, through Moses for Judaism, Jesus for Christianity and Muhammad for Islam. Islam recognises the validity of Judaism and Christianity and expresses respect for the prophets mentioned in their Scriptures as they are also mentioned in the Quran. Muslims believe in Moses, and Jesus, but they do not believe Jesus as the son of God, rather he was a Prophet born in a miracle birth to Mary. The Quran even mentions the Virgin Mary more often than the Bible, demonstrating the high-regard that Judeo-Christian figures have in Islam.Muslims see the message of Islam as superseding all earlier revelations. They believe the Quran is the complete word of God and that Muhammad is the final Messenger and seal of the prophets. While Muslims respect much of the Torah, the Gospel and the Psalms, they believe that they have been changed by man over the centuries. 

What does Islam say about violence?

The value of life is sacred in Islam, to violate it goes categorically against its principles. The Quran states “If anyone murders an (innocent) person, it will be as if he has murdered the whole of humanity. And if anyone saves a person it will be as if he has saved the whole of humanity” [5:32]. It is not permitted for Muslims to kill or oppress another. The Quran says, ‘Help one another in benevolence and piety, and help not one another in sin and transgression’ [5:2] “Allah loves not the aggressors” [2:190].

What is Jihad?

Often mistranslated as ‘holy war’ jihad is an all encompassing terms that literally means ‘to strive, or struggle’. Within Islam, its context is to strive in the path of God as exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad and his companions. Jihad pertains to the difficulty and complexity of leading a good life, struggling against the evil in oneself and to become virtuous and moral, to perform good actions and to contribute to the betterment of society. It is distressing that today a violent minority have abused the word jihad and have thus distorted its true meaning.

What is the meaning of life in Islam?

Life is a sacred trust from God and a human is a trustee who should handle the trust with honesty and skill, and with mindfulness of God. When God gives life He endows the human being with unique qualities and abilities, and charges the human with certain obligations. God means to help humankind fulfil the purpose of life and realise the goal of existence: to seek the pleasure of God in order to have eternal pleasure in the afterlife.

“Live in this world as if you are a traveller or a wayfarer” is a saying of the Prophet Muhammad. Life may be likened to a journey starting from a certain point and ending at a certain destination. It is a transitory stage, an introduction to the eternal life in the Hereafter.

Britain's Oldest MosqueAccording to Islamic teaching, the best use of life is to live it according to the guidance of God and perform good deeds in order to ensure a place in Paradise. As life is a means to an ultimate end, Islam has laid down a comprehensive system of principles and regulations on how to lead it. Muslims believe that we all belong to God and to Him is our final return. Life, therefore, is a complete circle and death is a doorway that leads to the true eternal existence.

What is the status of women in Islam?

The Quran states that men and women were created to be equal parts of a pair [51:49] and that their relationship is one of love and mercy such that they are like garments to one another. The revelation of the Quran elevated the status of women throughout society via numerous means: abolishing the status of women as property, allowing them to retain their maiden name after marriage, furnishing them the right to vote – thirteen centuries before women attained the right to vote in the UK, and the right to inheritance and owning property and businesses. 

In Islam, education, social and political participation is a duty on both women and men. Early Islamic history saw the rise of Muslim women as scholars, politicians, businesswomen, jurists and doctors at a time when Europe still regarded women as a commodity.

Some verses of the Quran have been quoted to suggest gender discrimination, but there is a clear distinction to be drawn between verses that respond to specific social and cultural contexts and those that represent universal principles. A common area of confusion is the stipulation regarding polygamy, which actually restricted the practice rather than encouraging it at a time when Arabs in seventh century society married many women and being monogamous was not the norm, “if you will not be able to deal justly [with them, marry] only one” [4:3]. It may be noted here that today more than 99% of Muslim marriages are monogamous, polygamy being the exception rather than the rule.

What is hijab?

Hijab is another source of interest and has been victim to much criticism and debate. Modesty in Islam is something that is stressed for both sexes, “Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and guard their modesty, and say to the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their modesty” [24:30–31]. Hijab literally means ‘veil’, ‘covering’ or, barrier’, while the Arabic word ‘khimar’ refers to the head scarf, however hijab has come to take on the meaning of a Muslim woman’s head-dress. Hijab symbolises many things: religious devotion, discipline, respect, identity and modesty.  It is viewed by many Muslim women as another part of their ‘ibadah’ or worship of God since worship in Islam can be seen in a holistic sense, for example, giving charity or helping a neighbour is also seen as acts of worship.

What is Shariah?

Shariah covers all laws and governance pertaining to a Muslim’s life. The Arabic word literally refers to a waterway that leads to a main water source. Just as following all laws and principles set out by Islam, Muslims ultimately submit to the will of God, the source of life. Shariah is a framework that governs interactions between the individual and God, and between human beings. Both have public and private dimensions and both give Islam a prominent role on Muslim community life. Shariah is only applied to Muslims and not to people of other faiths and beliefs.

Does Islam promote race equality?

The Islamic civilisation nurtured genuine social equality irrespective of colour or race. During his final sermon, Prophet Muhammad said, All men are from Adam, and Adam is from clay. There is no superiority of an Arab over a non-Arab, nor a white person over a black person except in God-consciousness. These principles were implemented throughout daily life: in the mosques people of all colours and races met to pray shoulder to shoulder, they worked together in government and academia.

Among the closest companions of the Prophet was the former Abyssinian slave, Bilal who became the first man to call people to prayer, the first muezzin. Prophet Muhammad had ordered him to scale the Kabah on the day of the peaceful conquest of Mecca to call people to prayer. That this man could stand with the divine sanctuary under his feet was a declaration that piety transcends all things and it sent a powerful message to all that racism has no place in Islam.

How did Islam contribute to the field of medicine?

Medical science made extraordinary progress during the Islamic civilisation and formed much of the basis of western healthcare today. Muslim experts pioneered in all areas of medicine including surgery, anatomy, ophthalmology, pharmacology, and physiology. The great Translation movement which began in the ninth century initiated under the Caliph Mamun in Baghdad, led to thousands of Greek works by Aristotle, Plato, Hippocrates, Ptolemy and Galen being translated into Arabic, and this knowledge was later transferred to Europe. Medical texts were not only translated, but their concepts and methods were further developed by the Muslims who pioneered in medical progress. Ibn Sina who was born in the tenth century, known as Avicenna in Europe, became renowned for his magnum opus, the cannon of Medicine – an encyclopaedia covering all aspects of medical practice which was used in the universities of Montpellier and Louvain as late as the seventeenth century. The thirteenth century medic Ibn Nafis discovered pulmonary circulation in contradiction to Galen’s view that blood was continually being made and used up, nearly four centuries before William Harvey announced his discovery that blood circulated around the body in 1616.

What is the relationship between science and Islam?

Scientific discovery and learning flourished under Islamic civilisations for centuries. The remarkable leap in science between the eighth and twelfth centuries was known as the Golden Age of Islam. Today many words from the Arabic language enter the sciences, words like alchemy, algebra, algorithm and alkali. Muslims pioneered in fields of astronomy, mathematics, physics. Muslim astronomers established large observatories and produced highly sophisticated and accurate devices such as the astrolabe which was used in navigation through celestial calculation.

Quranic verses allude to scientific phenomena, like the cosmology: “And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float, each in an orbit. ‘(God is) the one who created the night, the day, the sun and the moon. Each one is travelling in an orbit with its own motion” [21: 33], and to embryology: “We created you out of dust, then out of sperm, then out of a leech-like clot, then out of a morsel of flesh, partly formed and partly unformed” [22:5].

Islam is not at odds with science that has been soundly established, and it is clear that the sciences have enjoyed a thriving development under the Islamic ethos enjoining the pursuit of knowledge and learning.

Tony Blair’s sister-in-law converts to Islam…Subahanallah !

Tony Blair’s sister-in-law converts to Islam…Subahanallah !

Ashis Ray, TNN, Oct 25, 2010, 12.23am IST

LONDON: Former British prime minister Tony Blair’s sister-in-law Lauren Booth revealed over the weekend that she has converted to Islam. Booth, who is half-sister to Cherie Blair and a Catholic by birth, switched faith after a recent visit to Iran. A human rights campaigner and journalist, she works for Press TV, Iran’s 24-hour English language international news channel.

News of Booth’s conversion surfaced after she was showcased at a rally here under the banner of Global Peace and Unity 2010, attended by several Islamic hardliners. It was a propaganda coup for those who militantly propagate Islam.

Booth (43), who has once figured in a reality television contest, told a section of British media, “I had a delightful experience at a Muslim shrine in Iran six weeks ago. I now pray five times a day and occasionally go to a mosque. And I haven’t had an alcoholic drink for 45 days.”

Booth now covers her head and neck with hijab when outside her home (and doesn’t rule out wearing a burqa in future), no longer eats pork and reads the Quran every day. She conceded that her decision to convert might create a controversy. “Every action sparks a reaction,” she said.

Cherie Blair, a practising Catholic, and her husband Tony, who converted from the Church of England to Roman Catholicism in 2007, were unavailable for comment.

Last month, Booth accused Blair of lacking impartiality in his current role as Middle East envoy. Having earlier protested against Britain’s involvement in the 2003 United Stated-led invasion of Iraq, she said her brother-in-law could not be a balanced negotiator between Palestinians and Israelis because he was prejudiced against Muslims.

In a letter published in the Morning Star, a communist daily, she described participating in a rally in Iran where mothers reportedly wept over deaths in Palestinian cities like Rafah and Nablus. “Do you recognise these place names, Tony?” she asked. “ Israel has massacred children in all these cities in recent years,” she reminded him.

Quran Ayahs with Numbers and Verse Counts

Quran Ayahs with Numbers and Verse Count with details

 

[1] Al-Fatiha [(The Opening), 7 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[2] Al-Bakara [(The Heifer, The Calf), 286 Ayat, 40 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[3] Al-Imraan [(The family of Imraan, ‘Joachim’), 200 Ayat, 20 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[4] Al-Nisaa [(The Women), 176 Ayat, 24 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[5] Al-Maidah [(The Table Spread), 120 Ayat, 16 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[6] Al-Anaam [(The Cattle), 165 Ayat, 20 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[7] Al-Araf [(The Heights), 206 Ayat, 24 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[8] Al-Anfal [(The Spoils of War), 75 Ayat, 10 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[9] At-Tawbaa [(The Repentance), 129 Ayat, 16 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[10] Yunus [(Jonah), 109 Ayat, 11 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[11] Hud [(Hud), 123 Ayat, 10 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[12] Yusuf [(Joseph), 111 Ayat, 12 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[13] Ar-Rad [(The Thunder), 43 Ayat, 6 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[14] Ibrahim [(Abraham), 52 Ayat, 7 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[15] Al-Hijr [( The Rocky Tract, The Stoneland, The Rock City), 99 Ayat, 6 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[16] An-Nahl [(The Honey Bee), 128 Ayat, 16 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[17] Al-Isra [( The Children of Isreal, The Night Journey), 111 Ayat, 12 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[18] Al-Kahf [(The Cave), 110 Ayat, 12 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[19] Maryam [(Mary), 98 Ayat, 6 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[20] Ta-Ha [(Ta-Ha), 135 Ayat, 8 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[21] Al-Anbiya [(The Prophets), 112 Ayat, 7 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[22] Al-Hajj [(The Pilgrimage), 78 Ayat, 10 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[23] Al-Muminun [(The Believers), 118 Ayat, 6 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[24] An-Noor [(The Light), 64 Ayat, 9 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[25] Al-Furqan [(The Criterion, The Standard), 77 Ayat, 6 Rukus, 1 Sajdah, Makkan Surah]

[26] Ash-Shuara [(The Poets), 227 Ayat, 11 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[27] An-Naml [(The Ants), 93 Ayat, 7 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[28] Al-Kasas [(The Narrations, The Stories), 88 Ayat, 9 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[29] Al-Ankabut [(The Spider), 69 Ayat, 7 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[30] Ar-Rum [(The Romans, The Byzantines), 60 Ayat, 6 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[31] Lukman [(Lukman), 34 Ayat, 4 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[32] As-Sajdaah [(The Prostration, Worship, Adoration), 30 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[33] Al-Ahzab [(The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces), 73 Ayat, 9 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[34] Al-Saba [(Sheba), 54 Ayat, 6 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[35] Fatir [(The Originator), 45 Ayat, 5 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[36] Yasin [(Ya-Seen), 83 Ayat, 5 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[37] As-Saffat [(Those who sets the Ranks, Drawn up in Ranks), 182 Ayat, 5 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[38] Al-Sad [(The Letter Sad), 88 Ayat, 5 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[39]Az-Zumar [(The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs), 75 Ayat, 8 Rukus, Makkan Suran]

[40] Al-Mumin or Ghafir [( The Forgiver god, The Believer), 85 Ayat, 9 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[41] Fussilat [(Expounded, Explained in Detail), 54 Ayat, 6 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[42] Ash-Shura [(The Consultation), 53 Ayat, 5 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[43] Az-Zukhruf [(The gold Adornments, The Ornaments of Gold, Luxury), 89 Ayat, 7 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[44] Ad-Dukhan [(The Smoke), 59 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[45]Al-Jathiya [(The Kneeling Down, Crouching), 37 Ayat, 4 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[46] Al- Ahkaf [(Winding Sand tracts, The Wind curved Sandhills, The Dunes), 35 Ayat, 4 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[47] Muhammad [( Muhammad), 38 Ayat, 4 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[48] Al-Fath [(The Victory, Conquest), 29 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[49] Al-Hujurat [( The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments), 18 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[50] Kaf [( The Letter Kaf), 45 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[51] Az-Zhariyat [(The Wind that Scatter, The Winnowing Wind), 60 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[52] At-Tur [(The Mount), 49 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[53] An-Najm [(The Star), 62 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[54] Al-Kamar [(The Moon), 55 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[55] Ar-Rahman [( The Most Gracious, The Beneficent, The Mercy Giving), 78 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[56] Al-Waqaih [(The Invitable, The Event), 96 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[57] Al-Hadid [(The Iron), 29 Ayat, 4 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[58] Al-Mujadalaa [(The Pleading, She that Disputeth, The Pleading Woman), 22 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[59] Al-Hashr [(The Mustering, The Gathering, Exile, Banishment), 24 Ayat, 3 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[60]Al-Mumtahin [( The Examined One, She that is to be Examined, Examining her), 13 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[61] As-Saff [(The Ranks, Battle Array), 14 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[62 Al-Jumuah [( The Congregation, Friday), 11 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[63] Al-Munafiqun [(The Hypocrites), 11 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[64] At-Taghabun [( The Cheating, The manual Loss & Gain, The Mutual Disillusion, Haggling), 18 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[65] At-Talaak [(Divorce), 12 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[66] At-Tahrim [(The Prohibition), 12 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[67] Al-Mulk [(The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control), 30 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[68] Al-Kalam [(The Pen), 52 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[69] Al-Hakkaah [(The Sure Reality), 52 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[70] Al-Maarij [(The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways), 44 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[71] Nooh [(Noah), 28 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[72] Al-Jinn [(The Spirits, The Demons), 28 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[73] Al-Muzammil [(The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up), 20 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[74] Al-Mudathtir [(The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing a Clock), 56 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[75] Al-Kiyama [(The Day of Resurrection, Rising of the Dead), 40 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[76] Al-Insaan [(Man, Human), 31 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[77] Al-Mursalat [(Those sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds sent Forth), 50 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[78] An-Naba [(The great News, Tidings, The Announcement), 40 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[79] An-Naziat [(Those who tear out, Those who drag forth, Soul-snatchers), 46 Ayat, 2 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[80] Abasa [( He Frowned), 42 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[81] At-Takwir [(The folding up, The overthrowing), 29 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[82] Al-Infitar [(The cleaving asunder, Bursting apart), 19 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[83] Al-Mutaffifin [(The dealers in fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Cheating), 36 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[84] Al-Inshikak [(The rending asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open), 25 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[85] Al-Burooj [(The mansions of the Stars, Constellations), 22 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[86] At-Tarik [(The night-visitant, The morning Star, The Nightcomer), 17 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[87] Al-Alaa [(The most high, Glory to your lord in the highest), 19 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[88] Al-Ghashiyah [(The overwhelming event, The Pall), 26 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[89] Al-Fajr [(The break of day, The Dawn), 30 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[90] Al-Balad [(The City, This Countryside), 20 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[91] Ash-Shams [(The Sun), 15 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[92] Al-Lail [( The Night), 21 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[93] Ad-Dhuha [(The glorius morning light, The forenoon, Morning hours, Morning bright), 11 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[94] Al-Inshirah or As-Sharh or Alam Nashrah [( The expansion of breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief), 8 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[95] At-Tin [(The Fig, The Fig tree), 8 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[96] Al-Alak [(The clinging clot, The clot, Recite), 19 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[97] Al-Kadr [( The night of power or honour, The night of decree, Power, Fate), 5 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[98] Al-Baiyinah [(The clear proof, Evidance), 8 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[99]Az-Zalzala or Al-Zilzal [(The Earthquakes), 8 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Madinan Surah]

[100] Al-Adiyat [(The Courser, The Chargers), 11 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[101] Al-Qariah [(The Striking Hour, The great calamity, The Stunning blow, The Disaster), 11 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[102] At-Takathur [(The Piling Up, Rivalry In World Increase, Competition), 8 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[103] Al-Asr [(The Time, The Declining Day, Eventide, The Epoch), 3 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[104] Al-Humazah [(The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger), 9 Ayat, 1 Rukus, Makkan Surah]

[105] Al-Fil [(The Elephant), 5 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[106] Quraish [(Quraish), 4 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[107] Al-Maun [(The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Have You Seen), 7 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[108] Al-Kauthar [(Abundance, Plenty), 3 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[109] Al-Kafirun [(Those Who Reject Faith, The Disbelievers, The Kafirs), 6 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[110] An-Nasr [(The Help, Succour, Divine Support, Victory), 3 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Madinan Surah]

[111] Al-Masad or Lahab or Tabbat [(The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre), 5 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[112] Al-Ikhlas [(Purity of Faith, The Fidelity), 4 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[113] Al-Falak [(The Daybreak, Dawn), 5 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

[114] An-Naas [(Mankind), 6 Ayat, 1 Ruku, Makkan Surah]

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